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Isolation gown-surgical gown-protective clothing, how much do you know from raw materials to use?

Author: ComeFrom: Date:2020/7/27 16:05:28 Hits:52
 Disposable isolation gowns, surgical gowns, and protective clothing are all personal protective equipment commonly used in hospitals. With the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic in 2020, as the epidemic develops, hospitals are in short supply of medical supplies, especially isolation gowns, protective clothing, masks and other products. People from all over the world donated supplies to hospitals. During the investigation, it was found that everyone was confused about isolation gowns, protective clothing, and surgical gowns. Let's discuss the difference between the three.
1. Appearance and raw materials
Disposable isolation gown:
 Disposable isolation garments are usually made of non-woven materials, or combined with materials with better impermeability, such as plastic films. Through the use of various non-woven fiber joining technologies instead of the geometric interlocking of woven and knitted materials, it has integrity and toughness. The back opening of the isolation gown should be able to cover the trunk and all clothing to form a physical barrier for the spread of microorganisms and other substances. It should have impermeability, abrasion resistance and tear resistance.
Disposable protective clothing:
 Disposable protective clothing consists of hooded tops and pants. It can be divided into one-piece structure and two-piece structure. The trouser legs and cuffs are tightened, and the protection level of protective clothing is higher than that of isolation clothing. Generally recommended to use disposable. Protective clothing must have liquid barrier function (water resistance, moisture permeability, resistance to synthetic blood penetration, surface moisture resistance), flame retardancy and antistatic properties, and have resistance to breaking strength, elongation at break, filtration efficiency, etc. Claim.
Disposable surgical gown:
 The disposable surgical gown should be impermeable, sterile, one-piece, without a cap. Generally, the cuffs of surgical gowns are elastic, which is easy to wear and is helpful to wear sterile gloves. It is not only used to protect medical staff from contamination by infectious substances, but also to protect the sterile state of exposed parts of surgery.
2. Dressing index
Disposable isolation gown:
1. Contact patients with infectious diseases spread by contact, such as patients infected by multi-drug resistant bacteria.
2. When implementing protective isolation of patients, such as diagnosis, treatment and nursing of patients with extensive burns and bone graft patients.
3. Those who may be splashed by the patient’s blood, body fluids, secretions, and feces.
4. To enter key departments such as ICU, NICU, protective ward, etc., whether to wear isolation gowns or not should be decided according to the purpose of entering and the contact status of the medical staff.
Disposable protective clothing:
1. Patients who are exposed to Class A or are managed by Class A infectious diseases.
2. When contacting patients with suspected or confirmed SARS, Ebola, MERS, H7N9 avian influenza, etc., you need to wear protective clothing and follow the latest infection control guidelines.
Disposable surgical gown:
Strictly sterilized and used for invasive treatment of patients in a specialized operating room.
Three, function
Disposable isolation gown:
 Protective equipment used by medical staff to avoid contamination by blood, body fluids, and other infectious substances, or to protect patients from infection. Isolation gowns not only prevent infection or contamination of medical staff, but also prevent infection of patients, it is a two-way isolation.
Disposable protective clothing:
 The disposable protective equipment worn by clinical medical staff when they come into contact with patients with Class A or infectious diseases managed by Class A infectious diseases. Protective clothing is to prevent infection of medical staff and is a single item of isolation.
Disposable surgical gown:
 The surgical gown plays a two-way protective role during the operation. First, the surgical gown establishes a barrier between the patient and the medical staff, which reduces the probability of medical staff coming into contact with the patient’s blood or other body fluids and other potential sources of infection during the operation; secondly, the surgical gown can block colonization/adhesion to the medical staff’s skin or clothing Various bacteria on the surface spread to surgical patients, effectively avoiding cross-infection of multiple drug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE). Therefore, the barrier function of surgical gowns is regarded as the key to reducing the risk of infection during surgery.
 To sum up: in terms of protective isolation performance, the performance of protective clothing and surgical gown is higher than that of isolation gown. Surgical gown and isolation gown can communicate with each other. The place where the surgical gown is used cannot be replaced with an isolation gown. The use of the three are important measures for hospitals to prevent and control the occurrence of viral infections, and play an important role in protecting patients and medical workers.
 Shandong Haidike Medical Products Co., Ltd. can produce SMS non-woven disposable isolation gowns with complete certificates, which can be used in outpatient clinics, wards, and inspection rooms of medical institutions. Ordinary isolation.